Improv Teachers are not Therapists

By Jeffrey Thompson

We’ve all seen that moment in a student where something is holding them back.  They want to control the scene because they’re afraid of being out of control. They aren’t listening because they’re in their own head. Or maybe they’re so stressed with their life that it’s affecting their ability to be present in rehearsal or shows.  It’s sometimes hard to know what a teacher’s role is in those moments.  Teaching, especially in the creative fields, can sometimes feel like therapy. desk work suit group people wood girl interior meeting standing pattern young jeans youth equipment sitting office fashion business friendship room colorful together lifestyle meeting room jacket shoulder modern outerwear material smiling conference table denim hipster holding hands textured trousers pants textile shoes outside men indoors fun team friends students women legs tools wooden party leggings multicolored diversity plan chilling break conference stationary contemporary information resting connection casual togetherness college blazer support workplace organization finance seminar statistics young people office supplies group of people no people wireless technology bonding tiled young adult youth culture place of work board room halfbody multiethnic group dspace

We see this idea glorified in any TV show or movie about an acting class.  A student does a monologue and it’s a decent performance, but the teacher knows something about their personal life or digs into something very private and forces the student to talk about it in front of the rest of the class.  The student then has an emotional breakdown in front of the rest of the students, the teacher hugs them and whispers to them, “Use it,” and then they do a stellar performance which ends in a standing ovation from the class.

We also probably have been in acting classes where we have been pushed beyond our comfort zone or seen this happen to others and have grown as performers.  Or been traumatized.

To my fellow teachers, coaches, and directors, let’s remember: we are not therapists.  But we sometimes dance that line very closely.  I teach psychology at a community college in Southern California, and often when we discuss certain topics, students will, either in class or after class, share very personal stories that relate to what was discussed.  I often struggle between not wanting to become their therapist (which is super illegal) and not wanting to come across as cold and detached (which feels just mean).  How can we maintain respect for people’s need to be vulnerable (especially in a situation that demands it, like an acting workshop) without taking on a role that we are not qualified to take?

The following are the guidelines that I use to help me keep these boundaries clear.  For simplicity’s sake, I’ll just use the terms “teacher” and “student.”  I am constantly revising them the more I teach and work with performers:

hand technology relax sitting relaxation design hands therapy group of people electronic deviceAm I spending too much time with one student?

Sometimes we spend more time with one student than another for a variety of reasons. For me, I often find myself talking for hours with one student about improv theory, and that’s normal.  Some teachers will talk about sports or video games with particular students after class.  But, when a student is spending too much time venting about their personal life outside of class, or if you’re spending too much time with a particular student in class working through their issues (performance or otherwise), you might be taking on more of a therapeutic than teaching role.

Am I spending too much time thinking about the student?

If class was three days ago and you’re concerned about a student’s well-being, then you’re starting to be more therapist than teacher. Now again, there’s nothing wrong with being a human being who cares about other people, but if this student is taking up too much of your mental space, then the boundaries in the student-teacher relationship are being blurred and that’s rarely a good thing.

Are my notes focused more on performance or interpersonal issues?

There’s a fine line between “I noticed that you weren’t really listening in this scene” and “I noticed that you were a little distracted on stage, are things okay in your life?” Identifying performance issues is the realm of the teacher, identifying personal issues is the realm of the therapist.

What are my motivations for giving the notes I give?

As teachers, we push our students past their comfort zones. My favorite thing to do with a group is to ask how they feel about organic openings (which always gets several groans from the group) and then enthusiastically inform them that we’re going to be working on organic openings that day.  This is me as a teacher pushing past a specific boundary.  This is teaching.  On the contrary, if a student expresses that she doesn’t like being hugged, and I tell her that in order to help her be more comfortable with hugging, she’s going to do a scene with everyone on the team and it will end in a hug, that’s not even therapy, that’s torture.  Even though I love hugs, it’s not my job to make my students love hugs.  But it is my job to help them understand how a strong organic opening can help them as performers. beautiful boy people facial expression social group day community fun glasses youth male smile human girl crowd tree recreation conversation plant student senior citizen vision care event leisure vacation

Just because a teacher made me do this, doesn’t mean that it’s okay for me to force my students to do it.

I remember my favorite exercise in my high school theater class. The massage circle.  Oh man, you’ve had a long day in American Lit and then you spend 5 to 10 minutes getting a backrub!  That’s the best.  Completely ignoring the fact that SOME PEOPLE DON’T LIKE BEING TOUCHED THAT WAY.  Your favorite warm-up is doing 10 burpees because it reminds you of that time you did Shakespeare in the park, yeah… not everybody’s going to be comfortable doing that.  Be aware of the comfort level of your students, if someone needs to sit down or lean, it’s rarely because they’re not interested in what you have to say.  And some people don’t feel comfortable telling an entire class about their physical limitations because ableism is a real and annoying thing.


So, to summarize: Our job as teachers, coaches, and directors is to make our performers better performers, not better people (but if we’re really good, that happens anyway).  We can’t fix the interpersonal issues that our students come to us with because that is not our job and it would be unethical to try and make that our job (in the same way that if one of our students had appendicitis, we probably shouldn’t try and perform an appendectomy… Probably).  We can still care about our students and provide support during hard days, but when too much of our attention becomes focused on one student, then we lose our ability to be effective to the group as a whole.  As the authority figure it is our job to understand those boundaries, ask questions when necessary, and stick to the boundaries we’ve set.  And it also doesn’t hurt to have a little bit of emotional intelligence and realize when we’re pushing past someone’s boundaries without realizing it.

It’s not easy and we’ll all make mistakes along the way (like the one time I didn’t realize that one of my students was blind and I almost yelled at him for bringing his guide dog to class), but the important thing is that we learn, grow, and do better the next time.

Jeff ThompsonJeff has been an improviser since 2002 and have studied at iO West, ComedySportz, Second City Hollywood, The Groundlings, and UCB LA. I'm also one of the producers of the Hollywood Improv Festival.
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